The introduction of new media, such as the Internet, satellite television and cell phones, in the Arab/Muslim world imposed new realities and invited new dynamics, whether in the political, social, cultural or communication landscapes. This course tackles the complexities and implications of this new digital age, with all its multi-faceted dimensions. In the communication arena, it pays special attention to the discourses and deliberations exchanged in cyberspace between Muslims and non-Muslims, on one hand, as well as between Muslims belonging to different sects, on the other hand. In doing so, it pays special attention to the myriad of complex factors which could be conducive, or constraining, to digital dialogue. Politically, it unveils the multiple roles played by new media in mobilizing and catalyzing resistance movements in many parts of the Muslim world, with a special emphasis on the phenomenon of “cyberactivism,” or the deployment of new media to boost socio-political change, as manifested in the “Arab Awakening” movements, in particular. Socially, it tackles the contemporary tides of social change in Muslim societies, which have been both conducive to, as well as reflective of, new patterns and forms of communication, and investigates how and why they have been closely related to each other. Culturally, it investigates the shifts in Arab and Muslim identities cross-generationally and cross-culturally, with a special emphasis on diasporic Muslim communities, in an attempt to deeply understand the interplay of different variables, including new media consumption, in shaping, as well as reflecting, the complexity of Muslim identities today.